Textiles

ASTM Textile Standards

ASTM’s textile standards provide the specifications and test methods for the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of textiles, fabrics, and cloths, as well as the natural and artificial fibers that constitute them.

The textiles covered by these standards are commonly formed by weaving, knitting, or spinning together fibers such as glass fiber strands, wool and other animal fibers, cotton and other plant-derived fibers, yarn, sewing threads, and mohair, to name a few. Included in the general category of textiles are the components, or subassemblies, used in their creation, such as thread, buttons, snaps, zippers, battings and linings.

ASTM Textile Standards cover a broad range of materials, products, standards and test methods that are used by and affect everyone from fiber processors to manufacturers, buyers, wholesalers, retailers, consumers and even enforcement agencies ensuring that imported textile products meet the stipulations of international textile agreements.

ASTM Textile Standards Collection
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ASTM Textile Standards Sections

  • The promotion of knowledge of textiles;
  • Textile fibers, both natural and manufactured;
  • Yarn intermediates such as laps, slivers, or rovings;
  • Spun and filament yarns, including single, plied and cabled yarns and monofilaments;
  • Yarns of various polymers made into slit, split, or fibrillated sheets;
  • Fabrics made directly from textile fibers or from yarns (of natural or manufactured fibers or any combination thereof) using felting, weaving, knitting, and needle-punching, nonwoven, or other methods of production;
  • Textiles used in the manufacture of fabrics, components, or subassemblies for consumer or industrial applications;
  • Components or subassemblies used in the manufacture of textile products, such as sewing thread, tapes, zippers, snaps, buttons, hook and loop closures, battings, and interlinings;
  • Consumer and industrial textile end products, such as apparel, home furnishings, pile floor coverings, rope and cordage, tire cords, and inflatable restraints;
  • Systems for reporting consumer information, such as UV protection by textiles (when such a claim is made for the textile), product and care labeling, and body measurements for apparel sizing;
  • Dip pick-up of cords and adhesion of cords used with rubber or other elastomeric material
  • Standards with fiber and textile assemblies intended for other uses such as: Thermal Insulation;
  • Electrical and Electronic Insulating Materials; Rubber; Plastics; Composite Materials; Fire Standards; Medical Devices; Consumer Products; Electrical Protective Equipment for Workers; Protective Clothing.
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Popular ASTM Textile Standards

Below are a few of the most requested ASTM Textile standards.

  • D2256 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Yarns by the Single-Strand Method
  • D5034 Standard Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test) Bullet
  • D5489 Standard Guide for Care Symbols for Care Instructions on Textile Products
  • D5585 Standard Tables of Body Measurements for Adult Female Misses Figure Type, Size Range 00–20
  • D6193 Standard Practice for Stitches and Seams
  • D6413 Standard Test Method for Flame Resistance of Textiles (Vertical Test)

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ASTM Textile Standards in Spanish

  • ASTM D629 Test Methods for Quantitative Analysis of Textiles
  • ASTM D1059 Test Method for Yarn Number Based on Short-Length Specimens
  • ASTM D1230 Test Method for Flammability of Apparel Textiles
  • ASTM D1424 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Falling-Pendulum (Elmendorf-Type) Apparatus
  • ASTM D1577 Test Methods for Linear Density of Textile Fibers
  • ASTM D1683 Test Method for Failure in Sewn Seams of Woven Fabrics
  • ASTM D1907 Test Method for Linear Density of Yarn (Yarn Number) by the Skein Method
  • ASTM D2061 Test Methods for Strength Tests for Zippers
  • ASTM D2062 Test Methods for Operability of Zippers
  • ASTM D2256 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Yarns by the Single-Strand Method
  • ASTM D2261 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by the Tongue (Single Rip) Procedure (Constant-Rate-of-Extension Tensile Testing Machine)
  • ASTM D2594 Test Method for Stretch Properties of Knitted Fabrics Having Low Power
  • ASTM D3107 Test Methods for Stretch Properties of Fabrics Woven from Stretch Yarns
  • ASTM D3512 Test Method for Pilling Resistance and Other Related Surface Changes of Textile Fabrics: Random Tumble Pilling Tester
  • ASTM D3774 Test Method for Width of Textile Fabric
  • ASTM D3775 Test Method for End (Warp) and Pick (Filling) Count of Woven Fabrics
  • ASTM D3776 Test Methods for Mass Per Unit Area (Weight) of Fabric
  • ASTM D3786 Test Method for Bursting Strength of Textile FabricsDiaphragm Bursting Strength Tester Method
  • ASTM D3787 Test Method for Bursting Strength of TextilesConstant-Rate-of-Traverse (CRT) Ball Burst Test
  • ASTM D3939 Test Method for Snagging Resistance of Fabrics (Mace)
  • ASTM D4846 Test Method for Resistance to Unsnapping of Snap Fasteners
  • ASTM D4964 Test Method for Tension and Elongation of Elastic Fabrics (Constant-Rate-of-Extension Type Tensile Testing Machine)
  • ASTM D4966 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Martindale Abrasion Tester Method)
  • ASTM D4970 Test Method for Pilling Resistance and Other Related Surface Changes of Textile Fabrics: Martindale Tester
  • ASTM D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)
  • ASTM D5035 Test Method for Breaking Force and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Strip Method)
  • ASTM D5278 Test Method for Elongation of Narrow Elastic Fabrics (Static-Load Testing)
  • ASTM D5587 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Trapezoid Procedure
  • ASTM D6413 Test Method for Flame Resistance of Textiles (Vertical Test)
  • ASTM D6797 Test Method for Bursting Strength of Fabrics Constant-Rate-of-Extension (CRE) Ball Burst Test
  • ASTM D7508 Specification for Polyolefin Chopped Strands for Use in Concrete

ASTM Textile Training

ASTM textiles training will help you understand the ASTM standards used for testing fabrics, apparel, and household textiles.

  • ASTM Textile Standards for Yarns and Sewing Threads
  • Flammability of Children’s Sleepwear: Regulatory Compliance
  • Flammability of Upholstered Furniture, Mattresses, and Bedding Sold in the United States: Regulatory Compliance
  • Flammability of Wearing Apparel: Regulatory Compliance
  • Textiles: Quality and Performance Standards

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